“When the righteous increase, the people rejoice, but when the wicked rule, the people groan.”
1. What are similarities and differences between the corruption discussed in the reading and:
a. High school or college students giving money in exchange of a submitted/unfinished project?
Both the action of high school student and the corruption are example of bias application of authority and power. Corruption is commonly due to the interest of the corrupt officials to propagate his/her power and network. On the other hand, in the case of high school student, the immediate cause of malpractice of authority is the student itself.
b. A cashier at a convenience store who gives candy instead of the exact centavo change of consumer?
The way of giving change at the convenience store and the corruption are similar in the reason of, these two are both not proportioned return of expected goods and services from the money they spent. In the aspect of governance, this practice duplicates identically the irregularities of unequal distribution between taxes of people and government services. However, the purposes of the two are different, in corruption; exchanging inappropriate return to taxes is a barrier in the economic development. While, in the case of convenience store, it helps to speedy and more applicable process in small scale business.
c. A business owner who only buys supplies from businesses that are owned by people from his church or temple?
Both of corruption and the practice business man stated above are the product of bias or incompetent distribution of wealth and opportunity. But, the two have differences such as; the business man's practice is legal and common strategy to reinforce company's alliance. On the other hand, corruption is unlawful act of subjective appropriation or bedding of government projects, services and resources.
d. A politician who promises to vote for particular legislation only if a lucrative job is arranged for a family member?
These two, corruption and legislation for exchange of favor, are both practice of selfish public operation. The two can produce unequal opportunity offered by the government because of personal interest of the person in power. The corruption discussed by the article focused on patronage involving vast population where particular officials is a member, like in the case of Shunni and Shiite religious faction of Iraq. But, the action of legislator above is delimited to his relative and makes the government work secretly for one family.